Back to square oneDefinition: Return to the start

Example: After his homemade computer exploded and burnt the house down, Harry decided he needed to go back to square one.


There are three common theories as to the origin of back to square one. All have some validity, but none are 100% accepted.  Here they are:

a) BBC football coverage

In the 1920s, football (or soccer to those in America) matches were broadcast by radio. To help the listener picture the progress of the game, the pitch was divided up into 8 squares. The listeners had diagrams of the pitch which showed the corresponding squares, so they could follow the action as the commentator called out the location of the action. Sounds great. However, there are some issues. Firstly, nobody seems to have ever broadcast the phrase on air. Secondly,  square one is to the left of one goal and doesn’t correspond to any form of starting over. Thirdly, the adoption of the phrase into common language seems to appear 25 years after the BBC stopped using this system. Plus, the squares were actually rectangles.

b) Snakes and ladders

This one seems to be a no-brainer. Those of us of a certain age have all played that board game. Roll the dice. Move to a numbered square. Go up the ladder. Slide down the snake. Going back to square one seems to be plain and simple. However, snakes and ladders boards don’t feature a snake leading back to the first square. Traditionally, the start is kept clear of snakes and ladders.

c) Hopscotch

Another game. More squares. Eight or ten squares to be precise, numbered in sequence. There are indeed options in Hopscotch to return to the first square. What doesn’t ring true for this explanation is that Hopscotch has been around since the seventeenth century and the idiom can’t be found in print until 1952.


Choose an origin to your liking. Or make up one of your own. This one is not going to be solved anytime soon.


head screwed on

Definition: To be sensible

Example: Dan had his head screwed on. He wasn’t going to try cliff diving with the rest of his friends.


Have your head screwed on has a number of variations. That poor head can be screwed on:



to your shoulders


There are probably more, but Iddy’s getting dizzy trying them all out.

He hasn’t found a single explanation for the origin of any of the variations. They all sound extremely painful to him.

It shares the same meaning as another idiom, to have a ‘level head‘. It must simply refer to the physical steadfastness of something  screwed down tightly and straight. There is no danger of it coming loose. A head that is screwed down is not going to produce crazy ideas.


hit the books

Definition: To study for a test or exam

Example: Having scored a measly twenty percent on his last math test, Robert decided it was time to hit the books.


There is no golden explanation for the origin for ‘hit the books’. Used since the mid twentieth century, it is probably related to other similar phrases that used ‘hit’ as a way of expressing starting something… phrases like ‘hit the trail‘ or ‘hit the road‘. If you are ‘hitting the books‘, you are starting to read them. Simple as that.

Iddy’s a bit disappointed. He was hoping for a Victorian tale of a bare knuckle boxer who challenged a library to a fight.